Manchester Township is 82.5 square miles and is
the third largest Township in central New Jersey's
Ocean County. The Township is located approximately
70 miles from the New York-New Jersey metropolitan
region and approximately 60 miles from the Philadelphia-New
Jersey metropolitan region.
Manchester Township is one of the best-known communities
in the northeastern United States for its extensive
retirement communities, which made the Township
one of the fastest growing communities in New Jersey
during the period 1965 through 1988. The 1990 census
recorded a population of 35,976.
In contrast, a successful effort was made by the
community to manage and control growth. The 2000
census reported that the population of Manchester
Known as a posh resort town at the turn of the
century, beautiful Lakehurst became famous all over
the world when the Hindenburg crashed on May 6,
1937. Thereafter, Lakehurst was known as "The
Airship Capital of the World." In fact, it
From 1919 until 1962, the United States Navy conducted
its Lighter-then-Air Program at Lakehurst. Some
of the largest machines created by men were launched
into the air from the base at Lakehurst, which is
also the home of the nation's first international
Known as Manchester until 1921, Lakehurst had its
beginnings in 1821, when Samuel Whittemore gave
one square mile of land (640 acres) to his daughter,
Adeline, and her husband, William Torrey. Torrey
mapped the tract of land, while Adeline named most
of the streets after trees.
The area rose as an industrial center during and
following the Revolutionary War. It was the site
of Federal Forge, a major producer of iron products,
including cannon balls for Washington's troops.
A Rope Mill was powered by an elaborate water flume
which ran underground from nearby Lake Horicon to
the factory. The town had a railroad roundhouse,
turntable, maintenance shops, and boiler shops.
The Luxurious Blue Comet train stopped at Lakehurst,
delivering passengers to the stately Pine Tree Inn,
a resort of considerable fame in the late 19th and
early 20th centuries.
Though most of the sites are gone, visitors to
Lakehurst can still see Hangar One, a National Historic
Landmark recalling the crash of the Hindenburg.
The Borough of Lakehurst Historical Society conducts
Walking Tours around the town, its knowledgeable
staff pointing out interesting sites and telling
stories of the past.
Old Saint John's Church was built in 1874. It was
Ocean County's first Roman Catholic Church. Today
it houses the Historical Society Museum. Small,
but quite complete, the Museum houses a collection
of artifacts, books, and pictures which combine
to illustrate the history of Lakehurst. Visitors
can see charred remnants of the Hindenburg, as well
as an array of items from the Navy's rigid airship
Hindenburg disaster was one of the world's most
tragic occurrence ever. The
Hindenburg was a rigid airship
built by a firm in Friedrichshafen, Germany and
was kept overhead by 200,000 cubic meters of hydrogen
in 16 cells. Completed and tested
it was the world's first transatlantic commercial
May of 1936, the Hindenburg underwent the first
scheduled air service across the Atlantic between
Frankfurt am Main, Germany and Lakehurst, NJ. More
than 70 passengers were onboard this great airship
with a library, dining room, and an exquisite lounge.
the Hindenburg was struck with disaster on May 6,
1937. The hydrogen of the airship was ignited while
maneuvering to land at Lakehurst, NJ. The Hindenburg
was destroyed by the fire caused by the invisible
gas and 35 passengers and crew died.
a plaque laying in a chain-outlined area is all
that is left of the "lighter-than-air"
craft known as The Hindenburg @ The Lakehurst Naval
Air Base. Also still standing is the Historical
Hangar #1 where the airship was docked.